Chronic Pain Treatment Modalities – Hydrotherapy

Hydrotherapy is using water, internally and externally, to maintain health and to treat and prevent disease. According to proponents, there is no medicine on the market that can rival the beneficial physiological effects of water. Therapeutic qualities include helping with sleep, controlling body temperature, providing derivative pain relief, and acting as an anti-convulsant. Cold water…

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Chronic Pain Treatment Modalities: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS )

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS ) units are small, battery-powered devices used for chronic pain treatment that produce a vibration or signal intended to interrupt pain transmissions from nerves before they reach the brain. The TENS machine can be worn outside and attached to your body via electrodes with sticky patches, or a surgeon can…

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