a man concerned about his friend going through alcohol withdrawal

Stages of Alcohol Withdrawal

Going through alcohol withdrawal may seem overwhelming to face. There are several fears that people have when they think about going through this process. For some people, it’s just the fear of the unknown. Others may have anxiety because they’ve heard stories about people going through alcohol withdrawal. Whatever your reasons may be for hesitating…

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) & Their Roles in Pain Recovery

The premise that thoughts have significant effects on feelings and behavior and that shifts in thinking lead to emotional and behavioral changes is the basis of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). This knowledge has an extensive history, having been a topic of discussion among Stoic philosophers in ancient Greece and Rome (notably Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius).…

Mel Pohl, MD, FASAM on Co-occurring Chronic Pain and Addiction

By themselves, addiction and chronic pain can be debilitating. When brought together, they comprise extremely complicated co-occurring disorders. Addiction is among the most serious public health problems in the United States. In 2010, an estimated 22.1 million persons aged twelve or older were classified with substance dependence or abuse in the past year—8.7 percent of…

Chronic Pain and Addiction: Challenging Co-occurring Disorders

Abstract—Chronic pain is commonly treated by prescribing an opiate medication. For those suffering from both chronic pain and substance dependence, barriers to adequate pain management increase. This often causes both disorders to exacerbate one another. Effective treatment may also be hampered by opiate-induced hyperalgesia, tolerance, physical dependence, “chemical coping,” and diminished physical and emotional functioning.…