Music Therapy for Chronic Pain Treatment

Music therapy is the clinical use of music to treat patients with physical, psychological, cognitive, and social functioning issues. It is a powerful and noninvasive chronic pain treatment method because it can reduce pain, anxiety, and depression. The treatment is for patients of all ages, with outcomes based on the individual’s emotional, cognitive, and interpersonal…

Chronic Pain Treatment Modalities – Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a new method of psychotherapy developed by Dr. Francine Shapiro in the late 1980s to treat a variety of disorders. From its infancy, EMDR evolved through contributions from many different sources until it is now a full set of protocols incorporating several different therapy approaches. No one is…